by Nancy Armitage
In everything she did, Mrs. Arabella D. Huntington had great “Southern Charm”. In her mansion’s decor, her tablescapes, her Southern hospitality, her flowers, her Southern food, & her gracious Southern entertainment style. The way is which she did everything to make life wonderful for her two Huntington husbands & her son, Archer Huntington. Her job was to make her family content, happy, & well fed. She was married to Collis P. Huntington (1884-1900) & Henry E. “Edwards” Huntington (1913-1924).
You can’t take the “south” out of a Southern women, it doesn’t matter where she lived. Mrs. Arabella Huntington was a perfect Southern hostess & entertainer. Always making sure her husband(s) & their guests or houseguests were as comfortable as possible. In New York City , the Collis Huntingtons sometimes entertained 24-30 guests for sit-down formal dinners; more guests for receptions and at-home teas.
At the Collis Huntington’s Nob Hill Mansion at 1020 California Street in San Francisco they entertained even larger amounts of people. In the 1890’s, the Collis & Arabella Huntington hosted sit-down multi-course formal dinners for up to 110 guests in their ballroom (also called “Music & Picture Gallery”). The Huntington large art collections hung on the walls salon style.
At the San Marino Ranch in the 1920’s, Mrs. Arabella Huntington had a more intimate style of entertainment. The H. E. Huntingtons (“Edwards & Belle”) most often invited 6-12 guests for formal luncheons (most likely 4-courses) starting with a “cocktail” (fruit or seafood cocktail ) soup or salad, a entree course, & a dessert course. Also, formal dinners with 6-12 guests (6 or more courses). They also had “Sundays at the Ranch”, a festive entertainments for 20-50 or more guests. The fruit or seafood cocktail was served in a showy footed crystal or silver bowl. The large bowl had room at the bottom to pack crushed ice & another smaller bowl inserted over the ice with the seafood (to keep the seafood iced cold). Seafood like cooked jumbo shrimp or crabmeat served cocktail sauce or Crab Louis sauce. Another way to happily serve the great abundance of exotic fruit (mango, kiwi fruit, strawberries & loganberries) of the Huntington’s San Marino Ranch.
First, Arabella (Yarrington Worsham) married Collis Huntington (of the great “Big 4” railroad fame). They married in July of 1884 at her 54th St. mansion in NYC. Collis & Arabella’s honeymoon was at the Huntington Estate at Throgg’s Neck on the shore, they just purchased 400 acres that grew to 800 acres, then 1000 acres. They named it, “The Homestead” it was waterfront property in Throgg’s Neck, Westchester Co., NY. The Long Island Sound on one side of the property & the East Bay of NYC on the other side. They used this lovely peaceful large estate for weekends & summertime. Document: HEH Coll. MS 37/1-18 uncat (Mrs. Arabella D. Huntington Surrogate Court property papers) Nancy Note: In these papers it was revealed to that Mrs. Huntington owned 1000’s of acres of lands (not all next to each other) that was surrounding the Homestead property but including City Island, Fort Schuyler, Old Ferry Point, and numerous plots around the Huntington “Homestead”.
Arabella was the mother of Archer M. Huntington, who was born in 1870 in NYC. She home schooled him at first & he was quite the scholar learning many languages. She was a typical Southern mother, at times hovering too much over Archer. They had their tiffs but they loved each other very much. She held the purse strings with him; he got a monthly allowance, which made it difficult for him to built his Spanish Museum. But, Arabella was amazingly generous with him too, like buying him a very expensive Velasquez painting for him in 1904, for his new museum, Hispanic Society in NYC.
In 1913, after Mr. & Mrs. Henry E. & Arabella Huntington got married in Paris, France, he wrote a lovely letter to his sister, Caroline Holladay, stating how kind Belle was to him:
“My Dear Sister, Before You recieve this I expect I shall be married. The ceremony to be at the American Church [Paris] Wednesday Noon, will then leave for Lausanna [e] Switzerland. Guess Archer, Helen [Huntington] & Clara [Huntington von Hatzfeldt] will arrive tomorrow. Mrs. Stone is with Bell, & in addition to there three will be– only Mr. Varnun, [HEH’s personal secretary], Jenny McLain, & Mai De Bourin [Sp.] I will cable you after the ceremony. My address will still be c/o Morgan, Hargin [?] (HEH’s lawyers in Paris). I cannot tell you how happy I am my dear sister & I hope to make up for all I have lost & again I have a home such I never had. Bell is so good & kind to me. And I know she will make my life a happy one. She is now suffering from a hard cold caught yesterday. With very much love to you ones & all em [?] Your Affectionally, Brother, ” Document: HEH Coll. MS 656 Box 131 (Correspondences) (Letter to Caroline Holladay from Henry E. “Edwards: Huntington.) This letter just shows how “over the moon” Edwards was to marrying Belle. He expresses in Arabella’s Southern way, she was taking really great care of him as his new wife.
When I think of Arabella Huntington, I visualize the very bossy Emily Gilmore from Netflix, “Gilmore Girls”. Emily in her misguided ways really wanted to have “everything just perfect for her family”.
At the San Marino Ranch, even the Huntington’s Head Butler, Alfonso Gomez & the Head Housekeeper, Miss Nora Larsen (SMR) both stated that Mrs. Huntington wanted “everything just so” to please her husband “Edwards” (HEH). A Southern woman wants everything just perfect for her husband, her family, her housed guests, & her luncheon & dinner guests.
She lived in several southern states: Arabella Yarrington was born into a large family (6 children) on June 1, 1850 in Mobile, Alabama. Her family moved north to Richmond, Virginia in her teenage years. It was said by the butler, Alfonso Gomez (SMR) that Mrs. Arabella Huntington & her private social secretary, Miss Caroline M. Campbell “went to school together”. They went to high school in New Orleans when they were teenagers. Most likely, a finishing school or Catholic High school after the Civil War.
In the 1880-1890’s, Collis & Arabella Huntington would travel by train to visit his ship company: Newport News & Shipyards in Newport News, VA. Collis was a ship builder of great big ships. Collis & Arabella would visit Huntington, West Virginia where their family lived. The city Huntington, West Virginia was named after Arabella’s husband, Collis Huntington. Collis & Belle would sometimes stay or visit with family at this lovely yellow Southern mansion called “Pleasant View Manor in Huntington, West Virginia. On every level or story there was a wrap-around Southern porch for incredible views up on a hill. This grand Southern mansion was originally Collis Huntingtons, located at Staunton Rd. & 31st Street; he gave it to his brother-in-law Delos W. Emmons & his wife, Mary (Collis’ sister).
Delos helped subdivide the large 434-arce plantation. Collis & Arabella also owned 1000’s of acres of land in Texas & in Kentucky where they set up Arabella’s brothers to live on ranches & horse farms. They would often take train trips across the United States (from NYC to SF & south to Los Angeles to Texas. To, visit Arabella’s brothers, sisters, & family in these states. On Collis & Arabella Huntington’s private railroad train car, they would often visit Savannah Georgia & New Orleans & Atlanta & Texas were favorite stops. Document: Herald-Dispatch Newspaper article: “Lost Huntington: Pleasant View Manor” by James E. Casto June 23, 2014
Two houses that Arabella Huntington owned & lived in really spoke “the South” to me. One was at “Pleasant View Manor” (Above) in Huntington, West Virginia with a several wrap around veranda porches & 3 story yellow & white mansion. It had 2 sets of 4 roman columns in front & a widow’s walk on the roof.
Also, the H. E. Huntington’s Guest Cottage on the San Marino Ranch. The Guest Cottage was built in 1916, it looked like a small Antebellum Mansion or a small White House with 4 pillars at the front door. It reminds me of the South & Scarlett O’Hara’s southern mansion in the movie “Gone with the Wind”, Which would have made Arabella very happy. The Guest Cottage had 4- Roman columns pillars, a large veranda, large half moon driveway with large green grass area ; inside the Guest Cottage it has 6 bedrooms including servant staff rooms, Great Hall, & 5-6 fireplaces & kitchenette, “Edwards” (HEH) & “Belle” Huntington’s used this large Guest Cottage for entertaining. Document: HEH Coll. HEH MS 38/6 uncat (Affidavits- George Hapgood)
Southern Trees & Flowers: to remind Arabella of her dear South & her Southern charm ways. At the San Marino Ranch, they had a massive Magnolia tree tuck up against to the Huntington Mansion on the west side by their dining room. Other Southern flowers were hot-pink azaleas & stunning rhododendrons, with multi-color camellias (pink and red and white), 100’s of fragrant roses (some French roses), & fragrant white gardenias. One could see white peacocks & blue peacocks float by. They also had many large pink & yellow hibiscus, & 1000’s fragrant pink roses & white roses in a rose hot house.
Speaking of white roses, Arabella helped support the “White Rose Society” in the 1880’s. This amazing society helped young innocent girls get off the steam ships from Europe to America safely; the girls not to be bothered by unsavory men who wanted to take advantage of these innocent young ladies.
At the Huntington’s “Homestead” estate at Throggs Neck, Westchester Co., NY, Arabella grew all different kinds of violets. Belle Huntington & her son, Archer, joked that she could start a violet farm if she wanted, she had so many violets. Mrs. Huntington’s hothouses at “The Homestead” were filled with 1000’s Lilies of the Valley, fragrant Roses, & Azaleas, also. Her grand Conservatory hot house was Victorian in style.
At the Collis Huntington Mansion at No. 2 E. 57th St. NYC, Mrs. Arabella Huntington composes a lovely menu with lots of Southern Charm added.
This Fancy French multi-course dinner menu showcases Mrs. Huntington’s Southern Sensibilities : (No. 2.) January 23, 1900 Dinner for 18 men with 12-Course Elegant Menu:
Huites [Oysters], Consomme Tortue [Turtle Soup], Relish dish: Celery, Queen Olives, Amandes [Toasted and Salted Almonds], Bass with Sauce Mousseline (Seafood Mousse with Seabass), Selle d’ Agueau [Salted Lamb Roast] Haricot Verts [French Green Beans], Pommes Hollandaise [Scalloped Potatoes with a lemony Hollandaise Sauce], Terrapin [Turtle], Sambon aux Epinard [Ham with Spinach], Game: Canvas Back Duck with Orange Jelly & Hominy, French Style Salad [greens or spinach leaves & bacon with Garlic croutons with Bacon Vinaigrette], Glace: Ices & Ice Cream molded, Gateaux (Fancy French Cake), [French Chocolate] Bonbons (Chocolate Truffles), Hothouse grapes & Strawberries & Chantilly Cream with Cafe [Coffee].
Even in the 2 large vegetable gardens (San Marino Ranch) alludes to Arabella’s Southern sensibility. While she lived with her husband, Henry E. Huntington in California from 1913-1924 part of the year. At the Ranch, they grew all sorts of “Southern Vegetables”: Beets (Egyptian), Okra Green & “White Velvet” okra [for pickled okra & fried okra], White Navy Beans [Navy Bean Soup], Kentucky Wonder Beans, Brussel Sprouts, Southern Chicory, Collard Greens, Sweet Corn [Corn on the cob at Sundays at the Ranch], Butter Beans, Parsnips (Turrooted), Sweet Potatoes [Sweet Potato Pie], Rhubarb [Rhubarb & Raspberry Pie], Salsify called “Oyster plant” (in the south it is usually fried) , Swiss Chard (Green), & Turnips & Turnip Greens. (Snowball) Document: HEH Coll. MS uncat (San Marino Ranch papers; Book 6/3 of HEH Coll. MS 6/2-14 uncat (SMR Papers) located at the Huntington Library, San Marino, CA
I found a recipe for “Oyster Plant Soup” (Salisfy). It was in one of Mr. H.E. Huntington rare books called Castelar Creche Cookbook (1922). This cookbook had several Huntington family recipes, which I was excited to find.
Oyster Plant Soup [Salisfy] (1922)
Scrape one dozen roots of oyster plant, cut into thin slices and put into 1 qt. of cold water. Bring quickly to boil, simmer gently until very tender, then add 1 qt. of milk; rub together 2 T. butter, and 2 T. flour, & stir into hot soup [to thicken]. Stir until boiling. Add 1 t. salt, dash of cayenne pepper, & 1 t. onion juice. -Christy Payne Document: Castelar Creche Cookbook (1922)
I found quite a few invoices that illustrate Mrs. Huntington’s Southern style of Entertaining. Arabella Huntington at the Huntington’s Ranch, she would send out to the East to buy special Virginia Peanuts (very large and very crunchy) & Virginia Ham for some of her tea parties & Sundays at the Ranch.
A Southern Dinner Menu could have been Southern Fried Chicken, with Mashed Potatoes & Giblet Gravy. Served with Cole Slaw, Ham Biscuits with Dijon Mustard, Green Salad with Buttermilk Ranch Dressing with a groaning table of Desserts of Red Velvet cakes & Peanut Butter Pies, & Berry Pies, Iced Southern Pecan Cookies with Huntington Mansion “Honey Spice Bars” (iced brownie/chocolate truffle bite).
Arabella Huntington was a Southern pink girl (she loved pink roses). At the San Marino Ranch, they planted 100’s of 1000’s of pink rose plants just to please Mrs. Huntington. I found handfuls of rose invoices for the Huntingtons Formal Rose Garden. Just in January of 1914 alone, these pink roses were purchased: 220 “Mrs. George Shawyer” rose plants (gorgeous Bridal pink to Hot pink color), 100 “Mademoiselle Cecile Brunner” roses (salmon-pink color) 280 plus 65 more “General MacArthur” roses (“Best rose ever” in rose catalogs- Hot pink to red rose) & in April 1916 – 2 “Gainsborough” Roses (flesh pink & rich fragrance) & hundreds of “Pink Killarney” roses (Light Bridal Pink) were bought, also. In September of 1914, more pink roses were ordered: 280 plus 65 more “Gen’l MacArthur” roses are ordered.
French roses ordered at the same time: 150 of each of these French pink rose plants of “Maiserin, “Mademoiselle Segond Weber” (bridal pink-salmon rose), romantic “Juliet” rose (pink rose with yellow reverse) & Ulrich Brunner (hot pink with a darker pink in middle. Also, 100 plants of Lyon rose (coral pink with yellow highlights), & baby Cecile Brunner pink roses, also. Document: HEH Coll. HEH 6/15 (uncat). at the Huntington Library San Marino, CA
Mrs. Arabella Huntington was a Southern “Pearl girl”; oh my word, was she a pearl girl. She purchased & wore many strands of expensive white pearls, baroque pearls, black pearls, & Tahitian pearls. On Mrs. Huntington jewelry collection list, I found pages & pages of pearl earrings, bracelets, & elaborate necklaces. In photographs of Mrs. Arabella Huntington, we see many different length of strands of fine pearls, a 3-strand of pearls, 6-strand necklace of pearls & extra long pearl necklaces, & short choker necklaces (1890’s).
Henry “Edwards” & Arabella “Belle” Huntington were honored at a huge party at the California Club in downtown Los Angeles, California. The “entertainment” was on Monday, February 23, 1914, 100 guests were invited of their family & friends; The Bryants & the Wm. Dunns were the hosts. Arabella wore a 6-strand pearl necklace (it cost a small fortune) for one of her first parties in Los Angeles as the wife of Mr. Henry E. Huntington . This elaborate pearl necklace was described by Edwards (HEH) daughter-in-law, Leslie, “that the pearls were as big as her thumb and that it cost a ransom”. In Arabella’s portrait by Birley, Mrs. Huntington wears many strands of very large black pearls or other gemstone.
Arabella loved to entertain especially elegant & intimate tea parties at her massive mansions. At the Ranch, she loved Southern Sweet Tea, Homemade Sparkling Lemonade, & the Huntington kitchen made their own Homemade Root Beer. She enjoyed sipping tea on her Loggia at the Huntington Mansion; & the Southern feeling of the grand veranda of the Guest House at the Ranch. Maybe a Kentucky Mint Julep at her “entertainments”, I’m not sure. When drinking hot tea, a special blend of India tea & Ceylon Tea, which made up Orange Pekoe tea. She loved a intimate tea (2-4) or formal luncheons with 12 guests & formal dinners, too. Mrs. Huntington always had a beautiful tablescape filled with pretty flowers, elegant plateware, & crystal glasses on a damask or lace tablecloth.
At Mrs. Arabella Huntington No. 2 East 57th Street, NYC residence, there were many receipts for what I called “Soldier Teas”. In 1919, all the American soldiers were coming home from WWII, there was 3 teas at No. 2. I found evidence of these Soldier teas during that year. Mrs. Huntington often had “At-Home” teas on Tuesdays, for family & friends. They rented 25 chairs, ordered Tea Sandwiches made out of Roast beef, Ham, Chicken Ssalad, & Bread & Butter. A groaning tables of sweets: Fancy French Napoleons, “Petit Fours” small iced cakes, sublime Parisian Macaroons, Seasonal Berry Pies, Fancy Cakes, & lots of Cookies. They ordered alot of assorted cookies: French Petit Buerres, Lorna Doones, Arrowroot, American Vanilla Wafers, 5 o’clock Cookies/Biscuits, & many others. These were fancy teas that welcome the soldiers into the Huntington household & to say “thank you” for their service to the United States &for keeping the freedoms of all the Americans. Even when the Henry & Arabella Huntington were not “In-residence” in NYC at the time they still had these teas. Mrs. Huntington had a kind & thoughtful Southern heart. She instructed her Head Butlers; McGillvary & Gomez, that every soldier should go off with a sandwich, to go with a cup of coffee, some money, & coins.
She loved her gardens of flowers at San Marino Ranch & the Collis P. & Arabella Huntington Estate (later Arabella & Edwards Huntington) “Homestead” at Throgg’s Neck. At “Homestead”, they had a formal garden like Versailles Palace in France. She had a large conservatory at their San Francisco Nob Hill mansions & “Homestead” with the Lath House & hot houses, also on the San Marino Ranch. She had romantic gazebos & rose arbors in many of her mansions like TN, 54th St., SMR, & “The Homestead” at Throggs Neck. Book: Art of Wealth by Bennett
In the Gilded Age & Edwardian times, often, wealthy American ladies & gentlemen had roses named after them. For Mrs. Huntington’s formal rose garden, the head garden of the Huntington’s ranch, Mr. Hertrich order 50 different kinds of roses in May of 1916: (20) Miss “Alice Roosevelt” (bright pink rose), (50) “Mademoiselle A. Marmotel”, “Mrs. O.H. Kahn”, “Mademoiselle Von Andre”, (40) “Mrs. Dexter”, “Dorothy Duggan”, & “Katherine Livingstone”. Even (10) “President Taft” or “William H. Taft” roses, a beautifully blended upright & full rose of pink & gold. But, I never found a rose name after Mrs. Arabella D. Huntington on these numerous rose invoices. Document: HEH Collection HEH 6/15 uncat (SMR papers) at Huntington Library
I always wondered if there was a “Mrs. Arabella D. Huntington” rose ? I researched “Arabella” roses & this is what I found: there were 4 “Arabella” roses that the Huntingtons could have purchased & named after Mrs. Huntington: “Arabella” (1845) white, yellow & pink multi-color roses (it sounds similar to the “Peace” rose to me). “Arabella” (1917) bred in Germany, a bright pink & carmine pink rose. “Arabella (1846) Bred by unknown, color was pink & blush outer petals. “Arabella” (? unknown date) Hybrid noisette with the color of pink & lilac.
Every Southern girl loves everything French. Arabella Huntington was one of those girls; in every one of her collection she owned, they were all French-themed. She favored Louis XV & Louis XVI furniture, French artwork paintings, French sculpture,, French plates ware (Limoges, Sevres, & Haviland), French fabrics of Brocade, Jacquard, & Toile & delicious French foods in the Gilded Age. In every one of her mansions, she decorated in the French style: (No. 2,NYC Throgg’s Neck , San Marino Ranch, & San Francisco & 2 mansions in Paris).
Mrs. Huntington’s tablescapes with very important to her. Polite conversation & bountiful hospitality is the Southern way. In each of the Huntington Mansions, she had huge “Butlers Pantry” filled with 1000’s of plates for entertaining. In San Marino Ranch, Arabella had 42 cabinets filled with mostly French, English, & American plateware. She loved Royal Crown Derby, Limoges, Minton, Dresden, Coalport, Copland & Garret, Whieldenware pattern named “Pink Pheasant”, Homer Laughlin, Haviland, Sevres, Dutch Deftware, Haviland, Blue Transferware (also Green transferware& Red transferware). Even festive themes came in to her entertaining style: Pink Tea, Violet Tea, or Royal Tea.
Of these many plate wares at the San Marino Ranch, many were purchased at Parmalee-Dohrmann in Los Angeles, California. Mrs. Huntington had 25 different patterns in French Haviland plates alone. Mostly, her Haviland sets were gold & white scalloped plates with pink roses. She also collected French Sevres & Limoges (gold & white) plate ware. Mrs. Huntington collected many Blue Transferware dishes, which is quick a Southern tradition. She also had many patterns of Homer Laughlin plateware (founded in 1871 in West Virginia), especially the “Angelus Rose” white & gold with pink roses; which came out with a new pattern every year, but still matched all her plates.
In the Victorian days, they called afternoon tea: “At-home” teas. A calling card was the invitation, anyone the hostess met she could invite by giving her calling card away. On the hostess’s calling card, was printed her name, a day of the week & time; like “First Monday 4-6 pm. meaning the First Monday of every month, she would host a lovely tea. To decorate her Southern tea table, Mrs. Huntington adored pink & white roses; 100’s of pink & white roses planted at her many mansions but especially at the San Marino Ranch. Yes, she was a Southern girl through & through.
Southern Food on New Years for Good Luck (January 1, every year)
A southern tradition was to make Southern Food for good Luck for the whole year. Items that are round too are for money and prosperity. The list of Southern food is long and delicious like Black Eyed Peas, Pickled Beet Salad, Artichoke & Spinach Dip, Roquefort Cheese Ball, Rice & Beans.
Southern Spicy Pimento Cheese Recipe
A very Southern tradition is Pimento cheese sandwiches. This is a great blended cheese to make petit tea sandwiches or spread on a water cracker for a canape. Mrs. Huntington in her mansions always bought large crocks of McClaren’s Cheese (one was sharp cheddar cheese & the other was Roquefort cheese). To make pimento cheese she could have started with the McClaren’s cheddar cheese. Always place tea sandwiches or canapes on a doily-lined silver tray, Mrs. Huntington would have used her Gorham silver trays. Garnish with minced chives & serve with cocktail napkins.
4 c. sharp cheddar cheese, shredded
8 oz. cream cheese, whipped
1/2 c. mayonnaise
onion or garlic powder or minced garlic
4 oz. pimentos, chopped (from a jar, drained)
salt & pepper
1/2 t. cayenne pepper
1 t. Ortego green chilis (from can)
In a bowl, mix all ingredients. Spread on bread slices to make tea sandwiches, cut off crust of bread. Also you can spread spicy pimento cheese on crackers to make a quick canape. Recipe by Nancy Armitage
Some of Mrs. Arabella Huntington’s Southern Specialites throughout all her mansions & her travels thru United States:
SMR: San Marino Ranch
No. 2: No. 2 E. 57th St. NYC,
SF: 1020 California St. San Francisco,
TN: “The Homestead” Huntington estate Throggs Neck, Westchester Co. NY
CPK: Great Huntington Camp at Camp Pine Knot on Raquette Lake, in the Adirondack Mts, in upper state New York
NOLA: New Orleans, LA
WVIR: West Virginia
Oysters as a 1st course: raw oysters or fried oysters with garlic hot sauce or mignonette sauce (NOLA, NY, SF, & SMR)
Beverages: Champagne Punch (Huntington “Ostego” RR train car), Southern Sweet Tea, Luzianne Tea (1902 based in New Orleans), Christmas Egg Nog, “Huntington Special” (TN -a red cosmopolitan cocktail in the 1920’s), Homemade Root Beer (SMR), Victorian Sassafras Cordial (1899) Homemade Lemonade with soda water (SMR)
Southern Libations: Champagne Punch (RR train car), Southern Rum Punch like Chatham Artillery Punch (Savannah GA -in 1792, George Washington drank it), Old Green Chartreuse (Southern, No, 2), Sazarac appetif (No. 2, a New Orleans appetif), Mint Juleps (KENT, VIR) Victorian Sassafras Cordial (1899)
Soup: “Potage a la Tortue” – Green Turtle Soup (NOLA & NYC & SF Huntington Mansions) Shrimp & Chicken Gumbo (Southern ,NOLA, & No. 2), Southern Shrimp & Oysters Gumbo (Nola), Throgg’s Neck Red Clam Chowder (TN & No. 2), Classic Virginia Brunswick Stew (VIR), Virginia Peanut Soup (VIR), Oyster Stew, Virginia Ham (No. 2 & SMR)
Southern Relishes: Queen Olives, Virginia Peanuts (SMR & No. 2), Pickled Okra (SMR), Pickled French Beans, Chow Chow (No. 2 – cabbage, onions, peppers, & green tomatoes with kick of jalapeno peppers)
Appetizers: Roquefort Canapes, Canapes Washington (No. 2) ,Pimento Cheese Canapes on water crackers (SMR), Cheese puffs, or Cheese Sticks with cayenne pepper (TN), Spinach Balls
Chicken: Southern Buttermilk Fried Chicken, Chicken Croquettes with a Special Sauce (Menus), Chicken Salad (Teas), Chicken Salad tea sandwiches (with the crusts cut off)
Vegetables: Cauliflower au gratin a la Huntington with Hollandaise sauce (NYC) Collard greens (NYC), Fried Salisfy (Oyster plant at SMR), Sweet Potato Fries, Southern-Style creamed spinach (No. 2 & SMR), Southern Greens with Bacon (Southern- apple cider, sugar, & hot sauce), Virginia Southern Style Corn Pudding (VIR), Fried Okra with Buttermilk Dressing (SMR), Southern Succotash (Corn, Southern Lima beans, Onion & Red peppers with garlic & spices & bacon) (SPRR) , Deep Fried Pickles with Remoulade Dipping Sauce, Pickled Red Beets, Southern Fried Green Tomatoes with Buttermilk-Egg Coating,
Southern Seafood: Shrimp & Grits, Southern Crab Cakes with Remoulade sauce (NOLA, TN, NYC), Southern Style Shrimp Boil, Shrimp & Chicken Gumbo (NOLA, SMR, & NO.2), Friday Fish Fry or Southern Fish Fry (Arabella might have been Catholic, she had a great affection for the Virgin Mary and the Baby Jesus; she also hired many Irish Catholic servants)
Southern Entrees: Southern Fried Chicken (SMR, No 2, & TN) Roast Turkey with Mashed Potatoes & Giblet Gravy (SMR & No.2), Buttermilk Biscuits, Biscuits & Sausage Gravy (Alabama) Ham Biscuits with Sausage Gravy, Pulled Pork & Coleslaw Sandwich (Southern and SMR), West Virginia Shepherd’s Pie (VIR)
Bread: Southern Style Cornbread, Southern BBQ Pork Ribs (SMR & TN), Buttermilk Biscuits with Sausage Gravy
Salad: Ambrosia, Potato Salad (with mayo & hard boiled egg), Southern Coleslaw (SMR & No. 2 with buttermilk, mayo, dijon mustard, grated onion Red cabbage & carrots, with lemon juice, onion powder & pepper), Southern Chicken Salad (West VIR) with celery, sour cream & mayonnaise with white wine vinegar), Pickled Shrimp Salad with French Vinaigrette
Potatoes & Pasta: Hominy (No. 2) Macaroni & Cheese (NYC), Southern Cheese Grits with Shrimp (SMR) Linguine with Clams (TN)
Southern Bread and Biscuits: Buttermilk Beaten Biscuits, (VIR, W. VIR, NO 2, TN, CPK & SMR, Biscuit Sausage Gravy, Virginia Spoon Bread (VIR), Southern style cornbread
Fruit: Fruit Salad, Ambrosia, Brandied Peaches (NYC, SMR, TN)
Southern Pies: Pecan Pie (SMR), Southern Peach Cobbler (SMR and TN), Myrtleberry pie (with raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, cinnamon & sugar) (SMR), Sweet Potato Pie (SMR) Key Lime Pie, with Chantilly Cream (whipped cream with some vanilla sugar added), Southern Buttermilk Pie (Lemon), Chocolate Pecan Pie with Bourbon or Kentucky Derby Pie (KENT)
Southern Desserts: Mrs. Kley’s Huntington Mansion Honey Spice Bars (SMR & identical to a West Virginia recipe I found), Charlotte Pudding, Apple Charlotte (SMR), “Southern Pecan Tassies” or Pecan Tarts (SMR), Pecan Pie (SMR), Apple pie (Oneonta, No. 2 & SMR), Hummingbird Cake (Savannah, GA), Mixed Berry or Myrtleberry Pie (SMR), Key Lime Pie, Crepes Suzette a la Orange (SMR), Bananas Foster Flambe (NOLA), Peach Cobbler (SMR), Strawberry Shortcake (Southern), Mincemeat tart (No. 2 and SMR),
Southern Tea & Cake: Virginia Ham with Ham biscuits (SMR & No. 2), Southern Rum Cake (SMR), Luzianne Southern Sweet Tea (NOLA), Peach Tea, Chocolate Moist Rum Cake (No. 2), Red Velvet Cake (NOLA), New Orleans Beignets (dusted with powdered sugar with a cup of coffee NOLA , SF, & SMR), Southern Beaten Biscuits or Cream Scones with heavy cream (SMR & No. 2) with Sweet Butter or Spicy Butter or Raspberry Jams (No. 2 & SMR), Southern Pimento Cheese Sandwiches (SMR), Southern Tomato & Mayonnaise Tea Sandwich, Country Ham Biscuits, Apple muffins (VIR), Virginia Peanuts (SMR & No. 2) Luzianne Tea – Southern Peach tea & others (1902), Sweet Potato Jam with spices & lemon zest, Brandied Peaches & Pears.
Southern Cookies: Southern Tea Cookies (Vanilla Icing), Southern Molasses Cookies (chewy), Southern Pecan Nougat Cookies with powdered sugar, Lorna Doones cookies (No. 2, Mrs. Huntington always served these & French butter cookies)-introduced by Nabisco in March 1912. Cookies were made by Emily & John Malloy ran a bakery in Chicago. The couple was from Co. Cork, Ireland.), Irish Shortbread Cookies (No. 2), Parisian macaroons, Southern Bourbon Balls, Pecan Petit tassies (baby pecan pies)
Candy & Nuts: Southern Pralines (NOLA & No 2), Jordan Almonds (SMR & No.2) Nuts, Virginia Peanuts (SMR & No. 2), Spiced Nuts (No.2), Whiskey Balls,
[Southern] Sassafras Cordial Recipe (1899)
1/2 [c.] sassafras chips, 2 oz. compound extract of sarsaparilla, 1 oz. gum arabic (dissolved in white wine), 1 oz. juniper berries, bruised, 2 oz. pistachio nuts blanched & beaten, 1 oz. syrup of lemons, 2 oz. rosemary leaves shredded fine, 1 oz. sweet marjoram shredded fine, 1 oz. candied lemon, 1 oz. candied citron, 9 oz. sugar candy, 12 oz. muscatel raisins stoned and cut, 3 qts. sherry wine & 2 qts. proof spirit of wine [Vodka].
Beat the nuts with a little wine & put all the ingredients into a [1 gallon mason jar with lid] jar, which corked & seal. Set the jar in a hot water bath & let the cordial infuse 8 hours every day for a week. Keep 2 months then strain & filter [thru cheesecloth]. Sassafras Cordial is greatly improved by age. Document: Book Cassell’s Dictionary of Cookery, London, Paris & NYC (1899) (one of Mr. Huntington’s rare books)
Document: HEH Coll. HEH MS 19/1-18 uncat (Alfonso Gomez interviews); Document: HEH Coll HEH MS. Box 198,199, 200 (Fancy No. 2 Dinner Menu); Document HEH Coll HEH MS 38/11 (New York Bills) of the Huntington Mansion at No. 2 E.57th St NYC at the Huntington Library, San Marino CA ;